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引起阅读兴趣,激发头脑风暴,提升写作水平——“读后续写”题文参赛反思

添加日期:2016-06-01  来源: 作者:Francy   点击数:4020   【收藏本页】  【字体:
   

引起阅读兴趣,激发头脑风暴,提升写作水平

——“读后续写”题文参赛反思

瑞安市第二中学 金颖颖

(发展中心潘云梅按:一篇好文章总有其独特之处。金颖颖老师的这篇文章构思巧妙,画面感强。文中的景物描写、动作描写和心理描写一起构建出的情节,引人入胜。作为读者,我被深深吸引,对结局也充满期待。这样的文章就是一篇好文章。)

 

“读后续写”作为高考新题型逐渐进入到我们日常的教学中。该部分给考生提供一段350词以内的语言材料,要求考生依据该材料内容、所给段落开头语和所标关键词进行续写(150词左右),将其发展成一篇与给定材料有逻辑衔接、情节和结构完整的短文。它将语言输入与输出紧密结合,将语言的模仿与创造性使用有机的结合,将语言的学习与运用切实地结合,为英语写作教学提供了全新的视角,是提高外语学习效率的好方法。“读后续写”对于提高学生写作水平方面具有显著的作用,同时,对于增强学生写作动机方面也具有一定的效果。

“读后续写”旨在考查学生的综合语言运用能力,主要需要关注以下几个方面:一是把握短文关键信息语言特点的能力。学生需要了解给定短文的主要内容,清楚其关键词和语言结构的使用情况,并通过续写短文表现出来。二是对语篇结构的把控能力。考查学生对上下文逻辑关系的掌握情况,希望学生续写的短文语句连贯、有序。三是语言运用的准确性和丰富性。期望学生在词汇和语言结构的使用方面准确、恰当,能够根据内容需要使用较多、较复杂的词汇和语言结构。四是创造性思维能力。这是对学生续写短文内容的要求,期望学生续写的短文具有较丰富的内容。该试题具有一定的开放性,要求学生详细和生动地描述情景、态度和感情,符合课程标准的要求和学生的能力水平。

为了响应市教师发展中心的号召,我这次在选取参赛的这篇用来续写的文章时,花了很长的时间收集资料,既要保证选取的材料能引起读者的阅读兴趣,激发读者的头脑风暴,渴望自己给文章写续;又要使选取的文章符合作为读后续写篇章的要求。最后我锁定了一篇原文只有100多字的篇章,然后根据自己的理解,加入了许多景物描写,人物对话以及心理描写的内容,把文章填充为300多字。续写部分我认为需要考生认真阅读原文多次,认真把握所提供文章中的关键信息:人物,时间,地点,事件,矛盾冲突的关键点等。这样写出来的续才会符合行文逻辑,思维严密。另外因为读后续写是个开放式的结局,所以需要考生发挥一定的想象力。

这次的读后续写比赛也给我们的教学带来一定的反思:第一,教师在期望学生扩大阅读量的同时,应该和学生一起享受阅读带来的乐趣,让学生自由选择自己喜欢的书本或选取能引起学生阅读兴趣的材料,让阅读成为快乐的时光而不是沉重的负担;第二,教师要最大程度的充分利用教材和阅读材料,引导学生给文章写续。并能及时分享学生的习作,分析学生的习作,相互学习,有效的保持学生的写作信心。第三,读后续写因为是开放式结局,所以有利于激发学生的写作兴趣,激发他们的想象力,让他们共同碰撞出智慧的火花。

   “读后续写”对高中教学来说依然还是全新的概念。我们现在所面临的问题也还很多:适合用来作为读后续写的资料还不是很多;在日常的教学中如何很好的利用教材把读后续写融入到常规教学中;如何更有效的对学生的读后续写习作进行评析等等问题依然有待我们好好研究。

附题文:

阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

   It was late in the evening, the hot weather made Aileen unable to sleep. She was watching TV when suddenly a flicker of lighting fast flash before her eyes. And about a second later, a thunder came to her ears. Aileen stood up and went to the window. As a wind arose, the rain swept into her face and the noise of driving rain was louder and louder. Aileen closed the window when the program suddenly stopped. An announcer said, “Sorry to stop the program. We are requested to broadcast an important notice. At about nine this evening, a lady named Mrs. Humney was robbed and killed. Anyone who can supply any clue is requested to report to the police.” The news made the lonely girl shake with fear. She couldn’t help looking around, but she didn’t notice that a man was already hiding behind the door to the balcony (阳台)

   All of a sudden the man appeared before Aileen with a gun in his hand. Aileen was shocked by what she saw. It just happened so suddenly. This reminded her of her brother’s death, who was killed in a robbery half a year ago. She began to tremble all over. “Don’t ask for trouble. Put your jewelry on the table, and then think over whether I shall be safe to stay up here for the night,” said he. That made Aileen even more terrified, but she tried to calm herself. Anyhow, if she wanted to survive, she need do something to save herself.

    Just then came the whistle of a police car. Then someone rang the doorbell. The robber (抢劫犯) said with a gun against the girl’s back, “Go to the door and say that you’ve gone to bed.”

Suddenly, the girl had a(n) idea.

“Oh, who are you?” she said.

注意:

1.所续写短文的次数应为150左右;

2.应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语;

3.续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

4.续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Paragraph 1:

“Bull. Is there anything unusual?” asked the policeman Bull.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Paragraph 2

       A few minutes later,

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

      “Bull. Is there anything unusual?” asked the policeman Bull. Aileen went to the door, “Oh, Bull, it’s you. Nothing special here. I would invite you inside to have a cup of coffee, but you know, it’s too late today.” Aileen replied, in a calm voice, “I have just gone to bed.” “Oh, sorry to trouble you, dear, we were allotted to observe the surrounding places and protect your safety in this community.” “Thank you, Bull,” she spoke loudly, “And my brother says hello to you.” Aileen added with a trembling voice. After the words “Thank you”, everything became quiet outside. But Aileen’s house was filled with a tense atmosphere. Aileen shook all over, feeling like sitting on pins and needles. She pretended to be calm and wondered whether the police got her meaning.

      A few minutes later, the robber threatened Aileen to take out everything valuable immediately. Hearing that, Aileen’s heart beat so violently that she felt nearly suffocated. She was about to go to the bedroom when the glass on the window was broken. The police broke into the room and caught the robber. “Aileen, you are a clever woman, but I think you need to appreciate this young man,” Bull pointed to a policeman beside him who caught the robber just now, “Your greeting reminded him of the death of your brother last year. So we took action immediately.” Aileen, who was in relief, smiled and gave the young policeman a big hug.

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